August 04, 2020
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today, U.S. Senator Angus King celebrated the enactment of the Great American Outdoors Act (GAOA) into law. The legislation includes the Restore Our Parks Act, a proposal originally introduced by Senators King, Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), Mark Warner (D-Va.), and Rob Portman (R-Ohio) to address the existing $12 billion maintenance backlog in our national parks, including an estimated $65 million in needed repairs at Acadia National Park. In addition, the GAOA includes the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) Permanent Funding Act, legislation cosponsored by Senator King that would make $900 million available each year for the LWCF without being subject to federal appropriations. The legislative package is among the most impactful conservation laws enacted in the last century and continues Senator King’s lifelong advocacy for conservation efforts, dating back to his work prior to running for elected office through his years as Governor and his service in the Senate.
“A hundred years from now, long after each of us is gone and our names are forgotten, a family will watch a sunrise from the top of Cadillac Mountain, or a sunset from a mesa in Utah – and they will be able to do so because today, we fought to protect these lands by enshrining the Great American Outdoors Act into law,” said Senator King. “These public lands are a distinctly American inheritance that we received from those who came before us, and now we are making sure we’re living up to our responsibility to pass them on to those who come next. It was a long process, defined by a lot of hard work and immense bipartisan cooperation – and it was worth every ounce of effort. Today, we’ve given a gift to generations of future Americans; I’m so grateful for the work of all who’ve made this landmark conservation accomplishment possible.”
As a lifelong advocate for conservation and Ranking Member of the Energy and Natural Resources Subcommittee on National Parks, Senator King is among the Senate’s loudest voices advocating for conservation. He first introduced the Restore Our Parks Act in July 2018 with Senators Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.), Rob Portman (R-Ohio), and Mark Warner (D-Va.). The bipartisan legislation will establish the “National Park Service Legacy Restoration Fund” to reduce the maintenance backlog by allocating existing revenues the government collects from on and offshore energy development. Recently Senator King spoke on the floor of the Senate, urging passage of the GAOA as “a gift for our fellow Americans.” Senator King has also highlighted the economic benefit of investing in public lands. One recent study by the National Parks Service (NPS) showed that Restore Our Parks Act will support an average of 40,300 direct jobs and 100,100 direct and indirect jobs over the next five years, while another study shows that national parks generated more than $41 billion in economic activity in 2019. Senator King’s work on this legislation is the culmination of nearly 40 years of work on land conservation efforts in Maine, including helping to establish the Land for Maine’s Future program in 1987 and supporting extensive conservation projects during his time as Governor.
The Great American Outdoors Act establishes the “National Park Service Legacy Restoration Fund” to reduce the maintenance backlog by allocating existing revenues the government receives from on and offshore energy development. This funding would come from 50 percent of all revenues that are not otherwise allocated and deposited into the General Treasury not to exceed $1.9 billion each year for the next five years. In addition, the legislation will provide permanent and full funding – $900 million annually – for the LWCF without being subject to federal appropriations; the funding comes directly from the federal government’s revenues from on and offshore energy development. This builds on the John D. Dingell, Jr. Conservation, Management, and Recreation Act, which permanently authorizes the LWCF and was signed into law last year with Senator King’s strong support.
The passage of the Great American Outdoors Act has been met with widespread support by conservation organizations and advocates. Voices who expressed their support throughout the legislation’s path to becoming law include:
Ken Burns and Dayton Duncan, producers of The National Parks: America’s Best Idea: "Our public lands––owned by every American––are national treasures, which John Muir called 'places to play in and pray in, where nature may heal and give strength to body and soul alike.' Protecting them for future generations is a sacred obligation, and maintaining them with good roads and better trails and improved visitor facilities is a vital part of fulfilling that responsibility. This bill is an important––and much overdue––step in preserving 'America's best idea.'"
Will Shafroth, President & CEO of the National Park Foundation: “Senate passage of the Great American Outdoors Act (GAOA) is a remarkable achievement in advancing historic bipartisan legislation for our national parks. The National Park Foundation commends Senator King for his unwavering support of Maine’s iconic national parks, and to preserving our national treasures through his leadership as Ranking Member of the Senate Energy & Natural Resources’ Subcommittee on National Parks. GAOA will ensure that national parks receive the funding required to address deferred maintenance needs, that parks remain accessible to all Americans, and continue to serve as economic engines for local communities in Maine and across the country.”
David MacDonald, President & CEO of Friends of Acadia: “Acadia and all who enjoy it will benefit greatly from this historic legislation. Passage of the Great American Outdoors Act in the Senate is a major step toward preserving and protecting the places that mean so much to us as a nation. We are grateful to Senator King for his leadership in helping to draft the legislation and marshaling such broad and bipartisan support among his colleagues. The Act would dramatically boost funding available for maintenance of existing assets in parks, such as trails, roads, bridges and water systems; as well as ensuring support for the Land & Water Conservation Fund, which has been essential to land protection efforts at Acadia and in communities throughout Maine.”
Andrew Bossie, Executive Director of Friends of Katahdin Woods and Waters. "Katahdin region communities are eager to see the economic benefit from our new national monument and this bill will help ensure that infrastructure is maintained so visitors to Katahdin Woods and Waters have a safe, enjoyable experience and spread the word about the beauty to behold beyond the park gates, now and in the future. We're grateful for Senator King’s leadership on the Great American Outdoors Act and supporting our public lands."
"Each year for the past 33 years, The Friends of Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge have asked Congress to permanently fund the Land and Water and Conservation Fund,” said Bill Durkin, President of the Friends of Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge. “With the passage of Great American Outdoors Act, this legislation will permanently authorize the LWCF each year at the $900M level. In addition, the act will address the multi-billion dollar deferred maintenance backlog on our Public Lands: National Parks, National Wildlife Refuges, and National Forests. Not only is GAOA good for Maine, it is an economic driver for the United States and a great tool for wildlife habitat protection. We thank Senator King for his relentless support. This year marks the 50th anniversary of Earth Day and we also thank Rachel Carson for inspiring us all: ‘In nature nothing exists alone’ - Rachel Carson, Silent Spring."